If programming was painting, programming languages would be the different types of paintbrushes.
To perform a task the computer has to understand the language of your command. That’s where programming languages play their part.
Everything we see today in the digital world can be accredited to programming languages.
Plankalkul was the first ever high-level programming language developed by Konrad Zuse between 1942 and 1945. Since then, many programming languages arrived and disappeared, while many withstood the tide of time. From FORTRAN to C, from Java to Python, and more.
The world of core programming is expanding at a quicker rate than ever before as web and mobile solutions become an essential component of every business.
While on one hand, a number of new programming languages and technologies are gaining attention for improving the efficacy of the app/web development processes. On the other hand, many existing web and app development technologies are slowly vanishing from the scene.
In a situation like this, staying informed about the top programming languages used all across the industry is essential for developers and companies to create solutions that are profitable.
If you’re starting out and you’re in a fix about which programming language to delve into, and which ones would be relevant in the upcoming years for you to stay relevant, worry not!
We’ve compiled this list of languages that will stand the test of time and remain the primary modes of communication amidst all the technological evolution:
Python is the language of the future for programmers. According to the most recent figures, it is the primary coding language for about 80% of developers.
Python, honored by TIOBE in 2018 with "The Programming Language Hall of Fame" status, is still growing in popularity and is included on a list of the top coding languages to take into account in 2022 and beyond.
Python’s large library system makes the processes of machine learning, data science, and artificial intelligence easier.
No wonder, it's popularly known as the king of programming languages.
So, success and growth are guaranteed for you if you get quite adept at Python.
Here are a few more reasons why you should learn python:
- Simple to learn and program.
- Extensive frameworks and libraries that serve a wide range of applications including Java and C equivalents such as CPython, Jython, etc.
- GUI assistance (Graphical User Interface)
- Python-related businesses include Intel, Facebook, Spotify, Netflix, and others
It offers developers a beautiful selection of frameworks, which boosts its marketability and qualifies it as the ideal fit for Linux, Mac OS, and Android.
- It has a cleanly structured codebase, which improves productivity and readability.
- High demand and simple to learn
- Increased browser control and platform freedom.
- Offer tools for validating user input.
Java is one of the first languages you should learn if you're searching for a job in software development at a big company.
It has been widely used in big businesses for quite some time, and it’s most likely to be that way in the future as well.
Many huge businesses embrace Java to create web apps because of its incredible stability.
It is frequently employed in the creation of Android apps. Due to the fact that there are billions of Android users nowadays, almost every business requires an Android application.
Here are a few more key points for Java:
- Programming that is object-oriented and cross-platform
- Enhanced performance, productivity, and security
- Amazon, Adobe, Flipkart, Instagram, and other businesses all work on Java.
- It provides a plethora of APIs for carrying out various operations, including XML processing, networking, and database connectivity
If you want to work on a large organization’s analytics team, you should definitely consider learning R.
It is one of the most popular programming languages for machine learning and data analysis, because of the built-in libraries and its ability to create robust machine learning algorithms.
Prior to R, big businesses employed expensive statistical analysis programs like SPSS or SAS. R changed the data science landscape when it became available as an open-source language. It hasn't yet stopped creating a stir. The data science community in R continues to be at the forefront of innovation.
Additionally, it is employed in generic statistical computation.
Here’s a graph representing the most visited languages on Stack Overflow over the years, and you can look at the steep climb for R.
Following are a few important features & benefits of using R:
- Running without a hitch on a variety of operating systems
- Vibrant, expanding community
- Being open-source and free allows for any necessary adjustments.
- Best language for comprehensive statistical analysis
- An ecosystem of powerful packages
- Allows for cross-platform usage
Kotlin has experienced meteoric growth in popularity since it was made official as an Android app development language.
It has established itself as not just the top choice for developing Android mobility solutions but also as one of the most favored programming languages for mobile app developers, positioning itself as a serious competitor in the Kotlin vs. Java debate.
The fact that Kotlin has expanded beyond mobile with Kotlin Multiplatform and is challenging Flutter in the cross-platform market is what makes it more intriguing.
Here are a few important features of Kotlin:
- Organized concurrency and concise code
- Additional security measures
- Compared to Java, there is about 20% less coding to do
- Total interoperability exists
- Kotlin is used by companies like Pinterest, Uber, Trello, Amazon, etc.
Another well-liked programming language, called Scala, was created primarily to address the problems that Java-using professionals have.
The object-oriented and functional programming paradigms are both supported by the general-purpose programming language Scala.
It includes amazing features like string interpolation, type inference, slow processing, excellent scalability, and many more. It has a strong static-type design that minimizes and gets rid of errors in big, complicated applications.
Several well-known tech companies like Netflix, eBay, and Twitter, use it for their individual platforms and businesses.
The Go programming language sometimes referred to as "Golang," has also made it onto the list of top programming languages for 2022.
It has great multithreading capabilities, making it popular among Silicon Valley startups as well as businesses that heavily rely on distributed systems.
The language has been a favorite of SoundCloud, Google, Netflix, and other well-known brands due to its clear, simple-to-understand syntax and speedier compilation features.
Additionally, it has shown to be one of the finest ways to obtain higher pay.
Here are a few reasons to learn Go:
- Easy to learn and comprehend
- Aids in the automation of procedures
- Comprehensive standard library with a variety of built-in primitive type functions
- Ideal for construction of SPAs (single-page applications)
- Ingenious documentation
- As it is compiled into machine code, it is quite quick
- Processes using AI and data science are facilitated
- Google, BBC, Medium, and Uber are among the businesses working on Go
Swift is a powerful programming language developed by Apple Inc. to create apps for iOS, watchOS, macOS, and many other operating systems. It can be thought of as the future of safe and fast applications.
iOS-based gadgets are gaining popularity steadily. For instance, the Apple iPhone is providing Android some fierce competition and has a substantial portion of the mobile market. Swift is a sure-shot to advance to the top tier of programming languages sooner.
You should study Swift if iOS development appeals to you.
Here are a few important features of Swift:
- Adding new features is simple with Swift
- Encourages programmers to create readable, tidy code due to the grammar resembling English.
- Able to work with Objective-C
- Any technology can be combined with Server-side Swift.
- When utilized for both frontend and backend development, it improves code sharing and accelerates the development process.
- Incredibly quick in comparison to popular programming languages like Objective-C and Python.
One of the all-purpose programming languages that will maintain its significance in the coming years is PHP.
It continues to dominate the market despite competition from other server-side ecosystems like Node.js and Python. It has frameworks that make it one of the greatest and most practical programming languages for app development.
83% of websites on the Internet are built using this backend programming language.
PHP was one of the first server-side languages that HTML could incorporate into a web page to add functionality. PHP developers are in high demand as a result of the growing internet trend.
Here are a few of its astounding characteristics:
- Simple to understand and learn.
- Superior in speed to other scripting languages
- Highly protected against threats and assaults.
- PHP powers incredible websites like Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia.
- Incredibly quick in comparison to popular programming languages like Objective-C and Python.
Microsoft created the computer language C# in 2000. It is based on the.NET framework and is used in making desktop programs and video games.
According to a report, C# is used in 34% of the top mobile games. It is a well-designed language that is in great demand all across the world.
Microsoft, Stack Overflow, Accenture, and Alibaba Travels are the top businesses using C#.
- Much safer than C and C++ because pointer types are not allowed
- Scalable and updateable automatically
- A computer language that is object-oriented and component-oriented
- Similar to the syntax of the C programming language
- Completely incorporated into the.NET library
- Ideal for all Windows development types
You must be aware of the terms Web 3 and Blockchain, unless, of course, you’ve been living under a rock all these years. Learning how to comprehend and apply the underlying blockchain technology that drives this revolution will be tremendously profitable both now and in the future.
With that in mind, let’s talk about the language that has been the forerunner with regard to Web 3 focused languages- Solidity
The second-largest cryptocurrency market by size, Ethereum, which was founded by Christian Reitwiessner, published Solidity in 2015, a brand-new programming language used by systems that operate blockchains.
Here are a few crucial characteristics of solidity:
- Solidity was created specifically for using smart contracts.
- It is an object-oriented (contract-oriented) language with static typing.
- Solidity allows inheritance, libraries, and complicated user-defined programming.
- Contracts for voting, blind bidding, crowdfunding, multi-signature wallets, and other activities can be made using Solidity.
Tips to select the correct programming language for your business
Examine your company's requirements: To select the best programming language for your company, thoroughly consider your specific demands and goals. Understand the nature of your company, the challenges you want to tackle, and the objectives you want to attain.
Consider the technological needs: Assess your project's or product's technological needs. Consider the features you want, the performance standards that must be reached, and any unique security concerns. Investigate the complexities of your project to discover whether programming languages have the essential capabilities and features to meet your technological needs.
Assess scalability and future expansion: Scalability and future expansion should be considered while selecting a programming language for your company. Consider how your company could grow and the possible rise in user base or data volume. Look for scalability characteristics in programming languages and ecosystems, such as the capacity to manage increasing demand or easy connection with cloud technology.
ROI evaluation and overall expenses: While technological decisions have far-reaching consequences, it is critical to analyse the return on investment (ROI) and total expenses involved with adopting a specific programming language. For each language, consider license prices, development costs, maintenance costs, and the availability of competent workers.
Consult the professionals: When in confusion, seek advice from subject matter experts. Consult with professional software engineers, technology consultants, or industry experts who can give significant ideas based on their experience. Participate in conversations, forums, or conferences and tap into the collective expertise of the programming community.
What is the Future Importance of Programming Languages?
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are on the rise
AI and machine learning are two of the most quickly increasing fields of technology, and they will necessitate programmers who can create machine-readable code.
The Importance of Greater Efficiency and Security Software
As software programs get more complicated, efficiency and security become increasingly crucial. Programmers must be able to develop code that fulfils these specifications.
Rising Software Application Difficulty
Software applications are growing increasingly complicated, necessitating the use of programmers with a thorough grasp of programming languages.
So, these were the top programming languages that are quite prevalent in the industry today and are thought to sustain well in the near future as well. The whole idea of this article was to get you acquainted with the various languages, their use cases, and their features and benefits so you can make smarter decisions regarding which languages you want to learn for a high-growth career. We hope we succeeded at that.
These pay-after-placement courses are designed keeping in mind the industry requirements and so, you’ll get to do a whole lot of practical training and build capstone projects throughout the programs. You need to pay only when you get placed at a minimum CTC of INR 5 LPA, or else you learn for free.
Which programming languages are most popular for mobile apps?
Is Python still a good language for the future?
It is presently the most commonly used programming language. Python is useful in many areas, including web development, machine learning, data science, cloud computing, and big data. The good news is that it is still evolving, and there is an increasing need for Python.